San·skrit (săn’skrĭt′)
n. An ancient Indic language that is the language of Hinduism and the Vedas and is the classical literary language of India.
[Sanskrit saṃskṛtam, from neuter of saṃskṛta-, perfected, refined : sam, together; see sem-1 + karoti, he makes; see kwer-.]
San’skrit′ist n.
Word History: Like Latin in Europe and elsewhere, Sanskrit has been used by the educated classes in India for literary and religious purposes for over two thousand years. It achieved this status partly through a standardization that resulted from a long tradition of grammatical theory and analysis. This tradition reached its height around 500 BC in the work of the grammarian Panini, who composed an intricate and complex description of the language in the form of quasi-mathematical rules reminiscent of the rules of generative grammar in modern times. The language thus codified was called saṃskṛtam, "perfected, refined" to distinguish it from prākṛtam the "natural, vulgar" speech of ordinary people. Sanskrit thus became a fixed literary language, while Prakrit continued to develop into what are now the modern spoken languages of northern and central India, such as Hindi and Bengali.

Word Histories. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sanskritist — San skrit*ist, n. One versed in Sanskrit. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sanskritist — noun see Sanskrit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Sanskritist — Sanskrit (संस्कृत) Gesprochen in Indien Sprecher nur als Zweitsprache (1961: 190.000) Linguistische Klassifikation Indogermanische Sprachen Indoiranische Sprachen Indoarische Sprachen Sanskrit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sanskritist — See Sanskrit. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sanskritist — noun A person versed in Sanskrit …   Wiktionary

  • Sanskritist — Sans|kri|tịst auch: Sansk|ri|tịst 〈m. 16〉 Kenner u. Erforscher des Sanskrits * * * Sans|kri|tịst, der; en, en: Wissenschaftler auf dem Gebiet der Sanskritistik …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sanskritist — Sans|kri|tịst auch: Sansk|ri|tịst 〈m.; Gen.: en, Pl.: en; Sprachw.〉 Kenner u. Erforscher des Sanskrits …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Sanskritist — Sans|kri|tist der; en, en <zu ↑> Wissenschaftler auf dem Gebiet der Sanskritistik …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Sanskritist — n. one who is an expert on the Sanskrit language of ancient India …   English contemporary dictionary

  • sanskritist — san·skrit·ist …   English syllables

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